Human rights are birth given rights of every human being. They are universal and independent drom the will of the county, its jurisdiction and and other determinating factors such as ethnicity, citizenship, sex etc. They are based on the on the principle of equality and the prohibition of discrimination. Human rights determine the legal position that individuals have toward the authorities and represent boundaries that the government can not overstep if the country is organized on democratic principles.

Human rights are of moral origin and they come from the normative order which is above government and the government must respect them although perhaps not expressly voluntarily. Human rights belong to every person without any difference and are based on traits and values men and women have regardless of their personal characteristics or personal accomplishments. Certain human rights can exceptionally be limited or abolished due to certain impermissible conduct of an individual (e.g. deprivation of freedom as a criminal sanction for murder). The Constitution of the Republic of Serbia predicts that the achieved level of human and minority rights cannot be diminished and that these constitution guaranteed rights can be limited only if it is allowed by the Constitution, for the purposes allowed by the constitution and in the extent necessary for purpose to be met in the democratic society and without breaching the core of the guaranteed right.

Human rights are classified in different ways and by different criteria. However, the most accepted classification is according to the sphere of life activity of a person and society in which these rights and freadoms are realised. This way we categorize human rights as: civil, political, economic, social and cultural.

Civil and political rights are first and foremost applicable when it comes to the relations between the individuals and the State. They underline the authonomy of peoplefrom the State. The State can be involved in the individual’s behaviour and actions only to the point that the living in a society with other individuals requires.

Tipical civil rights are the right to life, the right to privacy and the rights concerning criminal proceedings.

Political rights are the rights to participate in the in society’s political life and in the formation and realization of State power, e.g. active and passive voting right, the right to acces the government service etc.

Economic, social and cultural rights aim to bring all people in a similar, just and equal social position so that they can fully enjoy their civil and political rights. An uneducated individual cannot use many of his/her rights and therefore he/she has to be quaranteed the right to education. A person living in extreme powerty is in an subordinate position and therefore needs to have secured and quaranteed economic rights such as the right to work, right to equal work compensation and the right to compensation in the case of unemployment. Social rights are based on the principle of solidarity. They should prevent each person from loosing the basic preconditions for truly belonging to the community, due to unfavourable circumstances. For example, one of the basic social right is the right to a minimum life standard including food, clothing and housing.

Stakeholders of human rights are citizents themselves, and the State is obligated not to violate human rights but to honor and respect them as they are core values of any democratic society.