Sexual and reproductive rights are universal human rights based on inalienable freedom, dignity and equality of all human beings and the right to health and healthcare as the basic humen right.Enyoing sexual and reproductive rights gives control to every individual over their own life, sexuality and decisions that influence his/her reproductive and sexual health.

Respecting these rights enables individuals to enter and form relationships that are safe and mutually- satisfying without coercion, any form of violence or fear of unwanted pregnancy or STDs and with the possibility of regulating fertility and family planning without harmful or dangerous consequences.

Sexual rights are a somewhat wider category than reproductive rights, and include the right to sexual health and freedom of expressing sexuality regardless of the reproductive status of the individual.

Sexual righs are:

  • the right to sexual integrity and safety of the sexual body;
  • the right to sexual privacy and sexual equality;
  • the right to sexual pleasure and emotional sexual expression;
  • the right to free sexual association;
  • the right to free and responsible reproductive choices;
  • the right to have informations about sexuality and comprehensive sex education, and
  • the right to protection of sexual health.

Reproductive rights are individual rights from the most intimate sphere of an individuals life and are conducted and achieved through giving or not giving birth ( namely, the right to giving birth and the right to not giving birth are two sides of the same reproductive right). They are belonging to the, so called, second generation of human rights which presume the obligation and duty of the country to secure the conditions for their achievement. Their basis is the individual’s right to choice, namely the freedom of choice if, when and how many children will he/she have.

Reproductive rights are:

  • the right to freely and consciously make decisions on parenting, the best time to parent, about the number of children and the period between two child births
  • the right to the accessibility of information and birth control;
  • the right to control your own body, and
  • the right to highest standards in sexual and reproductive health protection.

In the cource of insuring development of healthy individuals and preservation of sexual healths, it is necessary that the society not only recognizes but also promotes, respects and protects sexual health and authonomy of each individual.

The society is furthermore obligated to take care of reproductive health of each individual, and to ensure following services: education about sexuality and reproduction;concerningfamily planning services;reproductive health care services; prevention, diagnostics and treatement ofvarious diseases and disorders; services for pregnancy termination; sexual abuse prevention services and provision of help and care for sexual abuse survivors.